Student works

UMUT ALKIM TUNCER

UMUT ALKIM TUNCER

In charge of international relations at the Public Transportation of Istanbul Istanbul, Turkey

Constraints for Urban Public Transport Authorities in Implementing BRT Projects

This study examines the success factors in Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems and intends to explore what kind of constraints and challenges can occur during implementation by analyzing the cases of İstanbul, Mexico City and Delhi.

The objectives are to contribute to scientific literature on urban governance by addressing BRT specific constraints and also provide a source for urban practitioners working in BRT projects.

Keywords: Urban Transport, Transport Authorities, BRT Systems

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JEAN CARRIS

JEAN CARRIS

Under Secretariat of Chief of staff development in city government of Rio Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Bus Reforms in Large Urban Systems: A Comparative Case Study of Seoul and Rio de Janeiro

Cities are becoming the engine of the world. More and more people are moving to urban agglomerates in search of jobs, culture, and entertainment. Such a movement results in an unprecedented pressure upon the infrastructure of urban systems. Within that panorama, mobility is considered one of the major issues, and one of the cornerstones of the mobility-centered discussion is the fact that, among public transport modals, buses are still one of the main options, especially in developing countries. Bearing that in mind, the aim of the present work is to identify the main elements required to develop and implement a successful bus reform. Based on a comparative case analysis of Seoul and Rio de Janeiro, we conclude the dissertation by proposing a framework for bus reforms. We elaborate on the success factors of a good reform and put forth some recommendations for Seoul, Rio or any city looking for mobility solutions related to their bus management system and aimed at improving quality of life in their urban areas.

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JOANNA EDITH ARANA HERNÁNDEZ

JOANNA EDITH ARANA HERNÁNDEZ

Civil Engineer Guadalajara, Mexico

Rural Governance in a Multicultural State – Santa Catarina Road case in Jalisco, Mexico

This document describes the concept of governance generated from conflict in between the indigenous Wixarika community of Santa Catarina Cuexcomatitlán and the Government of the State of Jalisco. It describes actions that have been carried out as part of a resolution of a judicial scentence which obliged the state government to restore a zone damaged by the construction of a highway. This study hopes to emphasize the importance of governance in rural zones, and specifically the importance of aplying governance to the struggle for respect for indigenous communities. It ends with recommendations, stemming from the lived experiences of the author who was a part of this project. These recommendations will serve the stakeholders as well as the academy and government institutions. They will also serve indigenous communities.

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MARIA LORENA PUCHE

MARIA LORENA PUCHE

Civil Engineer Maracay, Venezuela

Regulating e-hailing services: the case of Uber Regulation in Mexico City and Bogotá

In recent years, Taxis apps have brought about a significant change in the individual transportation sector having implications for the current regulatory framework that governs this market. Among these taxi applications Uber has been the one application that has without any doubt whatsoever, revolutionized the individual public transportation sector facing legal and regulatory challenges in every city where it initiates operations. These struggles are often due to the fact that Uber does not fit into the legal requirements that regulate the traditional taxi industry, and consequently, this startup has been subject to fierce public debate. Bearing this in mind, the purpose of this work is to identify the main institutional conditions under which Uber and similar companies should be regulated by city governments. Based on a comparative case analysis of Mexico City and Bogotá, we aim to understand the current regulatory framework that governs the traditional taxi market identifying the main actors involved and their relationship thereby helping address governance challenges of Uber in these capital cities, and also offering some recommendations for Mexico City and Bogotá or for that matter, any city looking for appropriate guidelines to govern their City´s Taxi System bearing in mind the ultimate goal of improving the quality of life for their respective citizens.

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