Tracking the Smart City

Tracking the Smart City

Photo credits: Andrés Chiriboga “Smart City” is a highly desirable label to link it with the performance of a city anywhere in the world; but, at the moment of specifying its definition and scope, very diverse conceptualizations appear. The same is true when trying to...
The fourth industrial revolution

The fourth industrial revolution

Put in the most elementary way: reform is a change in form; whereas, revolution implies a change in evolution. At this time, humanity has had to witness the rise of the so-called “Fourth Industrial Revolution” (or “Revolution 4.0”), a name that...
Triumph of the city

Triumph of the city

Photo credits: Jorge Amores Stadtluft macht frei. “The air of the city liberates.” With this 11th-century German proverb, the father of Management, Peter Drucker (2002), summed up the process of urbanization on a global scale, which he anticipated early,...