Urban Waste

The year 2020 was a very tough year for all of us because of the pandemic, disasters and so on. We had to change our social lives to a new normal. However, I believe 2021 will bring us lots of new hopes and happiness, so that we can all leave the post-effects of 2020 behind.

In this first issue of the year, we will be discussing problems associated with urban waste with articles from experts from different parts of the world. We will try to understand what the previous mistakes were, what we must do to deal with the huge amount of wastes in cities, and what the current efforts of city governments are.

In the first article, Pedro Succar discusses the effects of recycling certificates on the increase of packaging recycling rates in the city of São Paulo. His article also touches on the government’s waste policies and the current challenges confronted in Brazil. Seeing such a successful case of a city with 12 million people will absolutely inspire other cities around the world as well.

The second article focuses on solid waste management in Delhi. Lovelesh Sharma and Benjamin Mathews John give a deep discussion about the current practices of solid waste management in Delhi, where solid wastes are critical for the health of 20 million citizens. The article further illustrates the best examples from India and examines the applicability of a hybrid governance framework integrating centralized and decentralized governance mechanisms.

The third article is from Azerbaijan where petrochemical wastes are a very critical issue to be considered. In the article, Sevil Veysel and Prof. Amir Reza Vakhshouri first discuss the waste production and management in Azerbaijan cities. Then, they further analyze the impact of chemical and petrochemical wastes on the environmental pollution of the Absheron Peninsula. The case of Azerbaijan cities for reverting the previous mistakes with better policies in this article will be a good example for similar cases in other cities.
The fourth article is also from Delhi with a more specific case study. Different from the article of Lovelesh Sharma and Benjamin Mathews, Madhukar Varshney gives more focus on decentralized waste management systems with a case study of the Zero Waste Cooperative Group Housing Society (CGHS). The article shows the successes of Zero Waste CGHS in minimizing the amount of waste disposed of outside the CGHS boundaries. Madhukar Varshney’s case study is critical to understanding citizen involvement in waste management.

In the last article, Fatih Hoşoğlu discusses the municipal waste management in İstanbul. Istanbul is the most populous city of Europe and Turkey. Therefore, the planning and the well-management of investments in such city are very critical. Through his article, Fatih Hoşoğlu focuses on these important points by also touching upon on the fates of the urban wastes. The article also shows us the importance of having a well-maintained legal framework for overcoming the challenges of urban waste management.

If you feel that there are innovative practices underway in your city/ region and you would like to contribute to an upcoming edition of IGLUS Quarterly, we encourage you to contact us at umut.tuncer@iglus.org.

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