Participants Completed Master Thesis
Safe, Attractive, and Sustainable Cities: A mobility oriented approach
Cities are complex systems which shape and are shaped by their transportation networks. Many cities have become dependent on cars as their principal mode of mobility. The consequences have been expensive, environmentally destructive, and deadly. While many acknowledge cars as problematic, they have become entrenched. This dissertation examines what alternatives cities have, the advantages of the alternatives, and the difficulties in implementing them.
Analyzing drivers, fostering megaregional growth and assessing their role in urban enlargements
This study examines a particular set of drivers and triggers that inevitably lead to the transformation of pre-integrated urban areas into coalesced polycentric megaregions, and key actors, by analyzing three different cases of the Boston-Washington (BosWash) Corridor, Central Economic Core and Greater Pearl River Delta.
The objectives are to contribute to scientific literature on megaregional studies and, in each case above, give an assessment reporting transport development, socio-economic issues and policy both at national and international levels.
Keywords: Megaregion, BosWash, RPA, Blue Banana, Central Economic Core, GPRD, Interreg, CPC, Pearl River Delta
Metropolitan Region Airport Accessibility System A Systematic Comparative Analysis Between 5 European Cases
Airports are redesigning the geography of the urban territory in a similar way to how the railway stations did in the previous centuries. As new intermodal hubs, airports have a strong appeal for users who are not directly related to air transport. Te huge investments in access infrastructures are justified in guarantee terrestrial access and provide adequate support to carry the growth of airport and airport city trafc and provide appropriate means of public transport to serve the tendency to establish poly-centric metropolitan areas. Te current airport is a rapidly changing system that requires careful planning. Tis is a step above pure “airport technical planning” and must aim towards an urban planning process and in particular towards the integration of diferent types of transport. It represents a highly complex task to create an airport city without interference with the operation and development of the airport. An airport city can no longer be considered as another “business park” superimposed on an airport platform; it generates and promotes activities in areas located far beyond the boundaries of the airport, participating in the creation of a new pole of territorial development.
Economic Sustainability of European Business Aviation Airports
IATA publishes above‐trend air passenger growths and a record load factors. The UN expects the population living in urban areas to increase from 55% to 68% by 2050, which could add another 2.5 billion people to urban areas. Considering these trends, the demand for air transport is expected to increase within large, complex and dynamic urban systems, while spaces remain limited. Airports play an important role for urban systems, but they also exploit a comparably wide area. Due to capacity limits, major European cities built new airports slightly outside the city center (in example Paris, Frankfurt, London, Milan or Munich) focusing on the line and charter business. Existing city airports and smaller airfields, then concentrate on general and business aviation. But is this a sustainable use of land – are these airports economically sustainable, who owns and operates them and what are the related success factors? This thesis will answer these questions based on quantitative analyses of nine European airports with a significant amount of general and business aviation aircraft movements.
Critical Success Factors For Large Urban Regeneration Projects In Waterfront Brownfields: The Case Of Canary Wharf And Abandoibarra
This study examines the critical success factors in Urban Regeneration Projects and tries to explore what are the challenges and difficulties faced in their development by addressing the cases of Canary Wharf in London and Abandoibarra in Bilbao.
The goal is to contribute to the scientific literature on urban regeneration by presenting a list of critical success factors and provide a tool for city managers, advisors and other practitioners working in this field.
Finally, the objective is to assess the case of the Magdalena River Regeneration Project in Barranquilla using the proposed critical success factors and provide recommendations for policymakers and stakeholders.
Keywords: Urban Regeneration, Brownfields, Underutilized plots, Critical Success Factors.
Metropolitan Governance, Climate Change and Disaster Management in Rio de Janeiro
The city of Rio de Janeiro has 6.6 million inhabitants and is the second metropolitan region in Brazil with 12 million people and 21 municipalities. Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Region is trying to be implemented since the 1970’s but with little success, although in 2014 the State Government signed a contract with World Bank to undertake the project RIO METRÓPOLE and in 2015, the Federal Congress approved a Metropolitan Statute. The metropolitan governance is an additional challenge for the urbanization process which is being made towards an ultra-connected society where the ICTs play an important role as a platform that coordinate the urban infrastructure services. Rio de Janeiro City Hall launched in 2010 an Operations Center to deal with crisis and resilience, after a flood and landslide catastrophic event.
Key Words: Metropolitan and Urban Governance, Climate Change, Disaster Management, Resilience and Public Policies.
Bus Reforms in Large Urban Systems: A Comparative Case Study of Seoul and Rio de Janeiro
Cities are becoming the engine of the world. More and more people are moving to urban agglomerates in search of jobs, culture, and entertainment. Such a movement results in an unprecedented pressure upon the infrastructure of urban systems. Within that panorama, mobility is considered one of the major issues, and one of the cornerstones of the mobility-centered discussion is the fact that, among public transport modals, buses are still one of the main options, especially in developing countries. Bearing that in mind, the aim of the present work is to identify the main elements required to develop and implement a successful bus reform. Based on a comparative case analysis of Seoul and Rio de Janeiro, we conclude the dissertation by proposing a framework for bus reforms. We elaborate on the success factors of a good reform and put forth some recommendations for Seoul, Rio or any city looking for mobility solutions related to their bus management system and aimed at improving quality of life in their urban areas.
Rural Governance in a Multicultural State – Santa Catarina Road case in Jalisco, Mexico
This document describes the concept of governance generated from conflict in between the indigenous Wixarika community of Santa Catarina Cuexcomatitlán and the Government of the State of Jalisco. It describes actions that have been carried out as part of a resolution of a judicial scentence which obliged the state government to restore a zone damaged by the construction of a highway. This study hopes to emphasize the importance of governance in rural zones, and specifically the importance of aplying governance to the struggle for respect for indigenous communities. It ends with recommendations, stemming from the lived experiences of the author who was a part of this project. These recommendations will serve the stakeholders as well as the academy and government institutions. They will also serve indigenous communities.
Regulating e-hailing services: the case of Uber Regulation in Mexico City and Bogotá
In recent years, Taxis apps have brought about a significant change in the individual transportation sector having implications for the current regulatory framework that governs this market. Among these taxi applications Uber has been the one application that has without any doubt whatsoever, revolutionized the individual public transportation sector facing legal and regulatory challenges in every city where it initiates operations. These struggles are often due to the fact that Uber does not fit into the legal requirements that regulate the traditional taxi industry, and consequently, this startup has been subject to fierce public debate. Bearing this in mind, the purpose of this work is to identify the main institutional conditions under which Uber and similar companies should be regulated by city governments. Based on a comparative case analysis of Mexico City and Bogotá, we aim to understand the current regulatory framework that governs the traditional taxi market identifying the main actors involved and their relationship thereby helping address governance challenges of Uber in these capital cities, and also offering some recommendations for Mexico City and Bogotá or for that matter, any city looking for appropriate guidelines to govern their City´s Taxi System bearing in mind the ultimate goal of improving the quality of life for their respective citizens.